January: Appearance of the Rivista di Psicolinguistica Applicata/Journal of Applied Psycholinguistics special issue on the outcomes of the MATEL Project. An overview of these outcomes had been presented during the Final Conference of the Project, on November, 20, 2015.

October, 26:

Meeting with a Russian team at “Sapienza” University of Rome. Presentation of the first outcomes of the pilot study on the Russian version of the MAT-2 administered to 119 children (age range: 9-13) in Moscow. The translation of the test into Russian was implemented by Prof. Serena Veggetti (Faculty of Philosophy-University of Rome “Sapienza”), one of the most credited translators of Russian psychologists into Italian and connoissoirs of Russian psychological literature. The initiative of the translation was part of an agreement between the University of Moscow and the Faculty of Education of the University of Rome “Sapienza” in order to allow Italian and Russian students to get diplomas in psychology that can be acknowledged both in Italy and Russia.



Prof. Oreste Floquet (French Linguistics – DSAE-University of Rome “Sapienza”) administers the subtest Acceptabilité (Eng: Acceptability) of the FrenchTHAM-2 to a group of pupils enrolled in 6ème, 5ème, 4ème (mean age: 11,6; 12, 6; 13, 6) in Niamey (Niger). This study represents the first exploration of an emblematic  type of metalinguistic ability in African French-speaking children , within a larger investigation on the characteristics of subsaharian French and its usages.

May, 9.

Faculty of Communication Sciences. University of Rome “Sapienza”. Rome, 113, Via Salaria.

Presentation of the 2016 Special issue of the Rivista di Psicolinguistica Applicata/Journal of Applied Psycholinguistics: Metalinguistic Awareness and Bimodal Bilingualism, Ed. by M.A. Pinto & P. Rinaldi. This Special issue interweaves the topics of two European Longlife Projects, implemented during the same period (2013-2015), MATEL (Principal Investigator: M.A. Pinto-“Sapienza”) and SignMET ((Principal Investigator: P. Rinaldi- ISTC-Rome), respectively. Both had among their objectives the creation of language assessment tools in European languages.

May, 29-June, 7:

Prof. M.A. Pinto (Educational Psychology- Department of Developmental and Social Psychology-University of Rome “Sapienza”) and her collaborator, Miss Gaia Maiolo, administer the whole French THAM-2 to a group of 53 pupils of 6ème, 5ème and 4ème at Collège Montesquieu (Cugnaux.Toulouse-France). This administration is intended as a first step towards the validation of the test on French-speaking children in France.


June, 28.

The translation of the English MAT-3 into Persian, implemented by Prof. Shahrzad Saif (Département de langues, linguistique et traduction.Université Laval. Québec. Canada) and Prof. Mohammad Rahimi (Department of Teaching Languages. UQAM. Montreal. Québec. Canada) is made available. This translation is a relevant extension of the products of the MATEL project, although not foreseen in the initial objectives, and all the more significant in contexts such as Canada and most of the European countries where consistent groups of Persian-speaking students are present and must learn European languages.

July, 25-31.

Prof. M.A. Pinto and Prof. Ana Paula Couceiro Figueira (Faculty of Education – University of Coimbra) implement the statistical processing of an exploratory study on the Portuguese version of the THAM-2 administered to 4th graders in Portugal, as a first step towards the validation of the test on a larger sample of Portuguese-speaking children in Portugal.


August, 28:

Appearance of the following research article:

Pinto, M. A.,  El Euch, S.(2017), Développement métalinguistique chez de jeunes enfants bilingues comparés à des monolingues. CAHIERS DE L’ILOB, Vol. 8, 2017 95–115. doi: 10.18192/olbiwp.v8i0.1766.

The contents of this article had been the object of a presentation at the Official Languages and Bilingualism Institute (OLBI) Conference:“Bilingual From Birth: Process, Pedagogy And Policy”. Un. of OTTAWA, April, 28-29 2016. Its relevance with respect to the MATEL Project resides in the fact that it presents outcomes of the MAT-1 in three different linguistic versions: Italian, as TAM-1, French as THAM-1 and English, as MAT-1.



The revised version of the translation-adaptation of the English MAT-3 into Persian (Farsi), by Sharzad Saif (Université Laval- Canada) and Mohammad Rahimi, Shiraz University (Iran) has been made available. This version is the outcome of a particularly accurate revision by specialists in Farsi and English, with examples drawn from authentic answers of Iranian speakers and will be soon the object of more systematic pilot studies on Iranian-speaking participants in various countries.

March, 26-31:

Prof. M.A. Pinto presents the outcomes of the administration of the whole French THAM-2 at the Collège Montesquieu (Toulouse-France), previously implemented in May-June 2017.  These outcomes appear promising in view of a future validation of the test. Prof. Pinto also delivers a lecture on metalinguistic awareness and its relation to bilingualism at the University of Toulouse “Le Mirail”.

April, 27:

Appearance of a Portuguese book on metalinguistic awareness and its instruments, by Ana Paula Couceiro & Maria Antonietta Pinto, partially based on the French book “La conscience métalinguistique. Théorie, développement et instruments de mesure”, by Pinto & El Euch (2015), and adapted to the specificities of the Portuguese language. This translation is also an extension of the range of products of the MATEL Project, not included in the initial objectives, and bound to give rise to the validation of the three metalinguistic tests (THAMs, based on the Portuguese acronym).



Prof Oreste Floquet and Prof Pier Luigi Cervelli, from “Sapienza” University, went to Abidjan (Ivory Coast) to administer some of the subtests of the French THAM-2 (Pinto & El Euch, 2015) to classes  of 6ème, 5ème and 4ème (11 to 14 years, approximately) and some metaphorical items. Data will be soon processed and compared to those of a previous administration in 2018 in the same city, in Niamey and in Toulouse.

April, 29:

University of Bergen. A new pathway has been created to involve the THAMs/MATs in research on metalinguistic awareness (MLA). Norwegian colleagues showed interest in instruments to assess MLA , in particular for children from primary to Junior High school, therefore using the MAT-2 . Dr Pernille Thull, lecturer of Norwegian language and literature at “Sapienza” University of Rome, translated part of the MAT-2 into Norwegian and, together with Prof. Pinto, presented it as a tool to be included in a research project of Bergen University.

July, 20:

Roma Tre University. Dr. Elisa Fiorenza and Prof. Pinto planned a study to be implemented at CSULB University (Long Beach, California) with English-Spanish bilingual students enrolled in Italian classes based on the Intercomprehension teaching/learning approach. To this end, both the Spanish and the English version of the metalinguistic test for adults were used, as THAM-3 or MAT-3, taking advantage of the validation of the THAM-3, thanks  to the MATEL project. The outcomes of this study are being published in a special issue of Journal of Applied Psycholinguistics devoted to Intercomprehension, to appear by the end of 2019.



Appearance of the special issue of Rivista di Psicolinguistica Applicata/Journal of Applied Psycholinguistics on “The role of Intercomprehension in language learning” (2/2019), where one of the articles describes the metalinguistic performances of English-Spanish bilinguals, enrolled in Intercomprehension classes, on the Spanish THAM-3, validated thanks to the Matel Project, in alternance with the English MAT-3.

A part of the “Metalinguistic exercises as classroom activities” (Pinto, 2015), one of the products of the Matel Project, conceived as an application of metalinguistic reflection to the field of Mathematics, has been translated into Portuguese and published as an e-book.

Couceiro Figueira, A.P., Pinto, M.A. (2020). A Compreensão dos textos de problemas matemáticos, E-book, Psiclínica. Alverca.

This e-book can as well be considered as an extension of the Portuguese book on metalinguistic awareness, by the same authors, appeared in April, 2019. “A consciência metalinguística. Teoria, desenvolvimiento e instrumentos de medida.”


The Universidade de Coimbra (UC- Portugal. Centro de Estudos de Linguística Geral e Aplicada (CELGA-ILTEC/UC), Instituto de Psicologia Cognitiva, Desenvolvimento Vocacional e Social (FPCE/UC), in the person of Prof. Ana Paula Couceiro Figueira, and in partnership with the Instituto Politécnico de Viseu (IPV-Portugal), the Universidade Católica Portuguesa (UCP-Portugal)), the  Universidade da Madeira (UMA-Portugal), and “Sapienza” Università di Roma (Italy), as an external consulting collaborator, applied for a project of the Fundacâo para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, the National Foundation for Science and Technology in Portugal, entitled:

“Metalinguistic awareness. Validation of three assessment tests”

Project reference : PTDC/PSI-ESP/0211/2020

The project aims at validating the 3 Portuguese metalinguistic tests described in the abovementioned book: “A consciência metalinguística. Teoria, desenvolvimiento e instrumentos de medida.”.

This project clearly represents an extension of a central part of the MATEL project to the Portuguese educational context.


 Appearance on the Rivista di Psicolinguistica Applicata/Journal of Applied Psycholinguistics, 1/2020, of the first pilot study on fourth graders with the Portuguese THAM-2 in the Portuguese educational context.

Couceiro Figueira, A.P., Riberio, C., Gameiro,P. (2020). Metalinguistic awareness in 9 year-old Portuguese children: a pilot study with the Portuguese THAM-2

The data collected for this article will provide a significant part of the database for the validation of the test in the near future.


As is well known, during 2020 and 2021 all research and academic activities have been severely affected by the pandemic throughout the world, with annual conferences cancelled, publications considerably delayed, and all the teaching reconverted in many ways, among other inconveniencies.

In spite of these difficulties, some significant activities related to the continuity of the Matel Project have been implemented in two countries:

  • Portugal: an intense translation process of two more metalinguistic tests into Portuguese has been started, whose object is metaphor comprehension for children 4-6 and 9-14. These are based on the Italian original validated tests, TCM junior (Pinto, Melogno, Iliceto, 2008) and TCM (Pinto, Melogno, Iliceto, 2006). The metalinguistic nature of these tests relies on the fact that to be able to explain the grounds of a given metaphor, especially a novel one, unequivocally involves a complex metasemantic processing, akin to that required for the metasemantic processing of non figurative language usages, as in the MAT- 2 (Pinto, Titone, Trusso, 1999).

These translated versions are being currently piloted by a team of Portuguese colleagues in Portugal in view of the validation, under the supervision of Ana Paula Couceira Figueira, who translated the French “Conscience métalinguistique. Théorie, développement et instruments de mesure” (Pinto, & El Euch, 2015) into Portuguese.

  • Norway: Our colleagues who invited me and Dr Pernille Thull in Bergen in 2019 (see 2019 follow-up) have created a Norwegian metalinguistic test largely inspired by the English MAT-2 (Pinto, Titone, Trusso, 1999), and partly also by the English MAT-1 (Pinto, Titone, Trusso, 1999). This is an interesting  syncretic combination of some items of each of the original tests associated to brand new items. In this case, as well, the tests are under piloting and we are waiting for the first results by the end of the year.


This year, an article by three scholars of the University of Innsbruck, has appeared, based on an innovative research design combining metalinguistic awareness, giftedness, working memory, and lexicon size in relation to multilingual learning in Turkish students. Among the most striking novelties, we can find a Turkish version of the English MAT-2 (Pinto et al. 1999), with some adaptation. This is indeed the first time the structure and lexicon of this test have been considered for translation into this language, and also applied in the corresponding country, which deserves special attention as a follow-up of the MATEL Project.

Dolas, F., Jessner, U., & Cedden, G. (2022). Cognitive Advantages of Multilingual Learning on Metalinguistic Awareness, Working Memory and L1 Lexicon Size: Reconceptualization of Linguistic Giftedness from a DMM Perspective. Journal of Cognition, 5(1): 10, pp. 1–15. DOI: joc.201

In July, 4-9, during the XXXth International Conference of Linguistics and Romance Philology, held in Tenerife (Spain), a poster on:

Consapevolezza metalinguistica e repertori plurali nel processo di intercomprensione tra lingue romanze (Metalinguistic awareness and plurilingual repertoires in the intercomprehension process between Romance languages)

 has been presented by Elisabetta Bonvino 1 / Cortés Velásquez Diego2 / Fiorenza Elisa3 / Zini Daniela4 University of Roma Tre(1, 2, 4) University of Messina(3)

The poster illustrated a study conducted with University students in Rome, tested on metalinguistic awareness with the Italian TAM-3 (Pinto et al.1999; Pinto, Iliceto, 2007), in relation to their linguistic repertoire and their abilities in Intercomprehension tasks. In this case, as well, metalinguistic awareness has been investigated with a specific, validated test in a novel research design which targeted intercomprehension abilities as a dependent variable.


June, 7-10

Participation to PLURENSA Conference (PLURILINGUISME, ENSEIGNEMENT-APPRENTISSAGE), Université Paul Valéry. Montpellier, 7 -10 / 06 / 2023, con

“Tester les habiletés métalinguistiques pour développer une conscience plurilingue. nouvelles perspectives pour l’enseignement et la recherche”.

Véronic Algeri, Orreste Floquet, Maria Antonietta Pinto
Università di Roma Tre, “Sapienza”, Università di Roma.


Publication of two Metaphor comprehension test hand manuals, for children aged 4 to 6 and 9 to 14, in Portuguese, translated and adapted from the respective original Italian hand manuals, Test di comprensione di metafore TCM Junior. 4-6 anni. (Pinto, Melogno, Iliceto, 2008) e TCM. 9-14 anni.
(Pinto, Melogno, Iliceto, 2006).


Publication of the Festschrift volume in honor of Maria Antonietta Pinto, edited by Oreste Floquet and Sergio Melogno, entitled:

Metalinguistic awareness. Recomposing cognitive, linguistic and cultural conflicts: Studies in honor of Maria Antonietta Pinto, Sapienza Editrice, Roma.

The volume will be presented on October 8, 2024, at the Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, “Sapienza”, University of Rome, Room 3 (10-14 h).